2016年9月13日火曜日

Task (Talking about ideas)

31.2
1 There's interesting PhD theses on water resources on the library.
2 What were your main criterion in designing your survey?
3 She was interested in the strange phenomenon connected with comets.
4 The hypotheses was never proved, as the data were incomplete.

31.3
1 We must never accept the notion that intelligence is connected to race.
2 The task of choosing an analytical framework is an important stage in any research.
3 The book expresses his viewpoint on the role of the United Nations in times of war.
4 Tannen has always made her stance on gender and language use very clear.
5 Consumers have different perceptions of what low price and high quality mean.
6 The report laid out a new model of family healthcare which changed everything.
7 Physicists developed the concept of dark matter to explain certain observations.

2016年9月9日金曜日

Book Review (rewrite 2)

I read ICE AGE THE MELTDOWN.
In this story animals made a venture in the ice age.

Manny, Sid and Diego were friends.
Manny was a mammoth.Sid was a giant sloth. Diego was a sabre-toothed tiger.
They lived in a valley.

One day, the ice has started to melt because of the hot sun.
The valley that Manny and his friends lived in was going to be under water.
They risked their lives!
And then, Manny and his friends decided to go to the end of the valley because there is a boat there.

On the way, he met a mammoth girl Ellie.
Until then, he had thought there were no mammoths except him.
So, he was happy to meet her.
But she thought she was a possum.
I think it was natural because she grew up with possums and didn't know her parents.

Elli and her brothers started to walk with Manny, Sid and Diego.
But after a while she thought "I'm not going this way! It's not safe."
So, Elli and possums went a different way.
Suddenly some ice fell and a lot of water came into the valley.
A big rock fell on top pf Elli.
Then possums found Manny and asked him to help Elli.
Manny helped her.

Finally, they got to the boat. They were safe.

"Do you see that?" said Manny happily.
There were a lot of mammoths at the end of the valley.

But Manny and Elli didn't go to the mammoths.

They decided to stay with their friends.


Manny had been sad because he thought he was the only mammoth.
That's why I think he would go with mammoths.
But he didn't do that.
I understood how he loved her friends.


Although this story is in the ice age,  I think it conveys a message of warning for global warming.
Today many animals suffer from global warming like Manny and his friends.
We have to think what we can do to prevent global warming and help them.

Book Review 2 (rewrite 2)

I read "KUNG FU PANDA".
In this story, a fat panda named Po developed mentally through kung fu.

Po was a fat panda. He worked in his dad's noodle shop.
 He loved kung fu, but he wasn't good at it.

One day, Tai Lung escaped from prison.
He wanted to be Dragon Warrior, but no one wanted this.
So, Master Oogway and Master Shifu decided to find new Dragon Warrior
and ask the new Dragon Warrior to fight Tai Lung.
They chose Po as Dragon Warrior.

Po started Kung fu classes with Master Shifu.
But Po wasn't good at it.
Master Shifu and Furious Five laughed. (Furious Five were very good at kung fu.)

Although he was laughed, he didn't stop classes.
He practice, practice, practice...because he wanted to be good at kung fu.

Gradually, Master Shifu and Furious Five came to understand Po's passion for kung fu.
They became friends!

Soon Po was good at kung fu!

Finally Tai Lung went to the town.
Po had to fight against him.

Po's dad said, "Don't be sad, Po."
Po said, "You can make great noodles, but I can't. And I'm not a good Dragon Warrior."

His dad said, "There's nothing special in my noodles. Why are my noodles great? Because everyone thinks that they are special!"

Po said, "It's me! I am special and I can fight against Tai Lung!'

Thanks to what his dad's said, Po could have confidence in himself.
Po's kung fu was great, and he won!

I think this story tells us it is important to believe in ourselves and not to give up.
Po was fat. He wasn't good at kung fu.
But he never gave up!
And his confidence made him strong.
If you can believe in yourself, there is nothing which you can't do.

I am special. You are special, too!
I want to try anything believing myself like Po.

2016年9月8日木曜日

AWL



analysing approaches assessable assessable authorities create created creation creation creation economic economic economies economy economy economy established evidence indications interpreted methodical methods policy policy policy policy process process process processes processes processes required research role roles sector sector similar similarly sources specific specifically

  Moreover, by analysing the contents of these surveys further, we gain a snapshot view of the lives and livelihoods of upland ethnic minority inhabitants, including trade routes, the roles of marketplaces, local reactions to the creation of a common currency and the enduring role of barter at the turn of the 20th century. >>

   Moreover, by analysing the contents of these surveys further, we gain a snapshot view of the lives and livelihoods of upland ethnic minority inhabitants
 さらに、これらの調査を分析すると、我々は高地に住む少数民族の生活や暮らしを知ることができる。


In addition, as theorised by Scott (1998, 2009), monetisation through the gradual enforcement of a universal, state-controlled currency aimed to standardise transactions, making them assessable and, when necessary, open to manipulation.

Cross-border trade routinely circumvented regulations, with or without the authorities' approval, and tax dodging was performed in imaginative ways.  

Yet created contemporaneously with the events they report on, they provide a particular, unique window on these northern uplands (Roche, 2010).

Moreover, by analysing the contents of these surveys further, we gain a snapshot view of the lives and livelihoods of upland ethnic minority inhabitants, including trade routes, the roles of marketplaces, local reactions to the creation of a common currency and the enduring role of barter at the turn of the 20th century.

 He means instead ‘an effort to integrate and monetize the people, lands, and resources of the periphery[…] to ensure that their economic activity [is] legible, taxable, assessable, and confiscatable.’ (Scott, 2009: 4,5).

As such, the monetising of these residents' otherwise often subsistence-based economies was valuable in converting them into formal contributors to the national economy.

 But crucially, it also promoted the normalisation of local and cross-border trade through the creation of marketplace surveillance and border crossing posts, both important for taxation and commodity control, the rationalisation of the economy and ultimately, the development of road and service infrastructure in the mountains.

But long-haul trade, mostly in the hands of established Chinese merchants who were managing the trade of more vital products such as metals, salt, opium and timber between the highlands and the state industries in the Deltas, provided far more promising opportunities for state regulation and were firmly connected to a system of profitable in-country and cross-border taxation.

 Evidence of this strategy lies in the fact that as the government became increasingly successful in meeting these specific goals, the policy of the Military Territories and their peoples gradually became obsolete, and they were made redundant.17

These documents provide clear indications of the enclosing strategies of the colonial state's Military Territories policy, as well as being part of this process themselves, rendering upland populations and their activities far more legible than ever before. 

This ‘apathy’ was interpreted by most observers as a problem that ought to be fixed: ‘lazy’ farmers remained under-productive despite all the ‘logical’ advantages of converting to cash-cropping and a market economy.18 

 Second, through the two surveys investigated here came the documentation of trade routes, the quantification of upland livelihoods and trade and the methodical categorisation of commodities.

Our methods here are primarily archival research.

These documents provide clear indications of the enclosing strategies of the colonial state's Military Territories policy, as well as being part of this process themselves, rendering upland populations and their activities far more legible than ever before.

We have coded these sources using thematic, axil and constant comparative coding, with a focus for this paper on what the reports contain regarding livelihood approaches and enclosure processes.


We have coded these sources using thematic, axil and constant comparative coding, with a focus for this paper on what the reports contain regarding livelihood approaches and enclosure processes.

2016年9月7日水曜日

Book Review2 (rewrite)

I read "KUNG FU PANDA".
In this story, a fat panda named Po developed mentally through kung fu.

Po was a fat panda. He worked in his dad's noodle shop.
 He loved kung fu, but he wasn't good at it.

One day, Tai Lung escaped from prison.
He wanted to be Dragon Warrior, but no one wanted this.
So, Master Oogway and Master Shifu decided to find new Dragon Warrior
and ask the new Dragon Warrior to fight Tai Lung.
They chose Po as Dragon Warrior.

Po started Kung fu classes with Master Shifu.
But Po wasn't good at it.
Master Shifu and Furious Five laughed. (Furious Five were very good at kung fu.)

Although he was laughed, he didn't stop classes.
He practice, practice, practice...because he wanted to be good at kung fu.

Gradually, Master Shifu and Furious Five came to understand Po's passion for kung fu.
They became friends!

Soon Po was good at kung fu!

Finally Tai Lung went to the town.
Po had to fight against him.

Po's dad said, "Don't be sad, Po."
Po said, "You can make great noodles, but I can't. And I'm not a good Dragon Warrior."

His dad said, "There's nothing special in my noodles. Why are my noodles great? Because everyone thinks that they are special!"

Po said, "It's me! I am special and I can fight against Tai Lung!'

Thanks to what his dad's said, Po could have confidence in himself.
Po's kung fu was great, and he won!

I think this story tells us it is important to believe in ourselves and not to give up.
Po was fat. He wasn't good at kung fu.
But he never gave up!
And his confidence made him strong.
If you can believe in yourself, there is nothing which you can't do.

I am special. You are special, too!
I want to try anything believing myself like Po.


2016年9月6日火曜日

Book Review 2

I read "KUNG FU PANDA".
In this story, a fat panda named Po developed mentally through kung fu.

Po was a fat panda. He worked in his dad's noodle shop.
 He loved kung fu, but he wasn't good at it.

One day, Tai Lung escaped from prison.
He wanted to be Dragon Warrior, but no one wanted this.
So, Master Oogway and Master Shifu decided to find new Dragon Warrior
and asked new Dragon Warrior to fight Tai Lung.
They chose Po as Dragon Warrior.

Po started Kung fu classes with Master Shifu.
But Po wasn't good at it.
Master Shifu and Furious Five laughed. (Furious Five were very good at kung fu.)

Although he was laughed, he didn't stop classes.
He practice, practice, practice...because he wanted to be good at kung fu.

Gradually, Master Shifu and Furious Five came to understand Po's passion for kung fu.
They became friends!

Soon Po was good at kung fu!

Finally Tai Lung went to the town.
Po had to fight against him.

Po's dad said "Don't be sad, Po."
Po said "You can make great noodles, but I can't. And I'm not a good Dragon Warrior."

His dad said "There's nothing special in my noodles. Why are my noodles great? Because everyone thinks that they are special!"

Po said "It's me! I am special and I can fight against Tai Lung!'

Thanks to what his dad's said, Po could have confidence in himself.
Po's kung fu was great, and he won!

I think this story tells us it is important to believe in ourselves and not to give up.
Po was fat. He wasn't good at kung fu.
But he never gave up!
And his confidence made him strong.
If you can believe in yourself, there are nothing which you can't do.

I am special. You are special, too!
I want to try anything believing myself like Po.


2016年9月5日月曜日

Book Review (Rewrite)

I read ICE AGE THE MELTDOWN.
In this story animals made a venture in the ice age.

Manny, Sid and Diego were friends.
Manny was a mammoth.Sid was a giant sloth. Diego was a sabre-toothed tiger.
They lived in a valley.

One day, the ice has started to melt because of the hot sun.
The vally that Manny and his friends lived in was going to be under water.
They risked their lives!
And then, Manny and his friends decided to go to the end of the valley because there is a boat there.

On the way, he met a mammoth girl Ellie.
Until then, he had thought there were no mammoths except him.
So, he was happy to meet her.
But she thought she was a possum.
I think it was natural because she grew up with possums and didn't know her parents.

Elli and her brothers started to walked with Manny, Sid and Diego.
But after a while she thought "I'm not going this way! It's not safe."
So, Elli and possums went a different way.
Suddenly some ice fell and a lot of water came into the valley.
A big rock fell on top pf Elli.
Then possums found Manny and asked him to help Elli.
Manny helped her.

Finally, they got to the boat. They ware safe.

"Do you see that?" said Manny happily.
There were a lot of mammoths at the end of the valley.

But Manny and Elli didn't go to the mammoths.

They decided to stay with their friends.


Manny had been sad because he thought he was the only mammoth.
That's why I think he would go with mammoths.
But he didn't do that.
I understood how he loved her friends.


Although this story is in the ice age,  I think it conveys a message of warning for global warming.
Today many animals suffer from global warming like Manny and his friends.
We have to think what we can do to prevent global warming and help them.